Researchers around the world are working hard to find a cure against cancer. Today we know that there isn’t one disease called cancer, but that it is constituted by many different diseases. For a cancer patient, instead of cure, we prefer to speak about remission, which is the period of time when the cancer is responding to treatment or is under control. In a complete remission, all the signs and symptoms of cancer go away and cancer cells can’t be detected by any of the tests available for that cancer. It’s also possible for a patient to have a partial remission. This is when the cancer shrinks but doesn’t completely disappear.
Precision Medicine aims at analysing the genetic make-up of each individual tumour to select the right therapy for each patient, treatments that improve chances of survival and reduce exposure to adverse effects, so the patient can enjoy an improved health and a longer, better life. New treatments are also developed. Proton therapy for example is considered the most advanced form of radiation therapy that uses high-energy proton beam to irradiate tumors. It is particularly appropriate in situations where treatment options are limited and conventional radiotherapy using photon beam presents unacceptable risks to patients (eye and brain cancers, head and neck cancers, prostate, liver, lung, breast, and pediatric cancers).